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School of Intercultural Education, Human Rights and Peaceful Resolution of Conflicts

The second lecture within the project realized with the assistance of OSCE and
in cooperation with the Faculty of Philosophy, Novi Sad University

October 1, 2011

"Civil Culture and Civil Solidarity against the Background of Religious, Ethnic and Cultural Pluralism" (Lecturer: Prof. Jovan Komsic)

Harmonization of relations between different cultures is the key to the topic.

Professor Komsic clarified the meaning of the notions such as law and justice, governance, ethnic group, identity, culture, etc. "What is immanent in any ethnic community - and there are some 8,000 ethnic communities across the world - is that it is jealous of its territory, language and religion. It is also prone to getting politically organized. An ethnic group's identity is cultural permanence, whereas culture in itself is acquired behavior the purpose of which is to impose order on the chaotic world. Cultures derive from human communities and make sum and substance of human existence."

A case study: At an exam professor asks a student which national minorities live in Vojvodina. The student does not know the answer. According to the professor, her ignorance explains her negation of national minorities other than hers.


Some questions and comments made by students:

1. Does the resolution of the Kosovo problem come before resolution of the issues related to the protection of human rights?


"Religion and Identity; Freedom of Religion and Challenges of Religious Pluralism; Ecumenism." (Lecturer: philosopher of religion Miroslav Kevezdi)

The origin of the term religion is Latin religion, meaning a cause or an activity pursued with zeal and devotion... What is secularism? Separation between the church and the state. Liberation of an individual from the state repression... Classified by religion, there are 9 civilizations in the world. Why is religion that important? Because order and hierarchy are immanent in a human being, and religion provides people with sets of strict guidelines... Main characteristic of the Serb Orthodox Church are: 1. Dogmatism; 2. Missionary spirit; 3. Moral dimension; and 4. Therapeutic role...

"Vojvodina was nothing but a marsh. It was only in 1751 that 230 Greek Catholic families settled there, in the place known as Ruski Krstur. Other national minorities followed."


Some questions and comments made by students:

1. A girl from Sutjeska quotes a model of cohabitation of Serb, Rumanian and Adventist churches in her native town.



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