PAGE ::: 1

INFO   :::  Projects > Archives > School of Intercultural Education, Human Rights and Peaceful Resolution of Conflicts > Text




School of Intercultural Education, Human Rights and Peaceful Resolution of Conflicts

The fifth lecture within the project realized with the assistance of OSCE and
in cooperation with the Faculty of Philosophy, Novi Sad University

October 22, 2011

"Human Rights: Notion, Origin and Justification; Conflict of Human Rights" (Lecturer: Prof. Vojin Dimitrijevic)

Human rights, as seen today, are relatively new having emerged only in late 18th century. Their first signs can be traced down in the Magna Carta or Great Charter, a precursor of human rights the concept of which was nevertheless far from today's.

The rights in the Magna Carta were reserved for the upper classes, the nobility. Some provisions of Tsar Dusan's law also hint at today's perception of human rights.

For instance, its article providing that a court of law shall try by the law. All these documents actually stand for the rule of law, a big attainment, but do not stand for human rights.

Take South Africa, which was perfect from the angle of the rule of law given that all relations were regulated by the law. But the rule of law in South Africa had nothing to do with the respect for human rights. The Nazi Germany also abode by the law but we are well aware of the manner in which human rights were respected. Anything can be smuggled through a system of the rule of law. But even that is better than a lawless state.

According to today's concept human rights are individual rights. A human being is invested with these rights the moment he/she is born and these rights are regulated through laws. The new concept of human rights has been developed since WWII reflecting societies' need for the protection of both individual and collective rights.


Some questions and comments by students:

1. What do you think about surrogate motherhood?

2. Global overpopulation undermines human rights standards. What's the point, then, to discuss human rights?



PAGE ::: 1










Copyright * Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in Serbia - 2008

Web Design * Eksperiment